A Disadvantaged Business Enterprise can be women, minority, disabled or veteran-owned business. It is defined as being owned, capitalized, operated and controlled by a member of an identified group listed above. The business must be a for-profit enterprise which physically resides in the United States or one of its territories.
DBE requirements are under the direct jurisdiction of the United States Department of Transportation (US DOT). DBE applications are reviewed by an applicant's state Unified Certification Program (i.e., individual state's Department of Transportation or participating regional transit authority).
To qualify as a DBE, the business must be owned and controlled by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged persons as defined by DBE Regulation 49 CFR Parts 23 and 26. Businesses must show:
The business size can be measured in one of two ways or a combination thereof: average annual gross receipts of three previous years or number of employees. These size standards are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code. Industry specific, these limits range from $5 million annual gross sales to $38.5 million.
Recent changes to the DBE regulations now require all applicants (each owner) to complete a Statement of Disadvantage and a Personal Financial Statement. All eligible owners must affirm that they are members of a disadvantaged group (for example, an eligible ethnic minority or female). In addition, the personal net worth of each applicant must be less than $1.32 million, not including primary residence or ownership equity in the firm.
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